Introduction to massage, characteristics and role of massage

05-ноя, 20;19 23
The main properties of massage are:
  • activation of blood and lymph circulation, which in turn leads to an overall improvement in the condition of the skin;
  • increased production of red blood cells (red blood cells that carry oxygen to the smallest blood vessels).

Thanks to massage, metabolic processes in cells and oxygen uptake by tissues are increased.

Therapeutic effects of massage:

on the skin. Helps to remove toxins or impurities of the stratum corneum of the epidermis, facilitating its functioning and providing better nutrition, and thus greater elasticity. Facilitates the absorption of nourishing creams and masks.


on the subcutaneous tissue or dermis. Increases tone, reduces subcutaneous fat.


on the circulatory system. As noted earlier, massage stimulates blood and lymph circulation, i.e. improves complexion, stimulates cell division of the germ layer of the epidermis, reduces dark circles and puffiness under the eyes.


on the nervous system. Has a calming or stimulating effect on the client, thereby improving their overall appearance.


On the muscular system. Increases muscle tone, restoring elasticity.


On the breathing apparatus. After the massage, breathing improves, becomes smoother and deeper, which benefits the whole body.
                       

Massage is: therapeutic, preventive, hygienic, sports, reflex-segmental.

Massage rules:

The masseur should know:

1. Human anatomy and physiology.
2. Indications and contraindications for massage.
3. Technique for performing massage.
4. Rules for drawing up massage techniques.
5. Massage techniques are performed along massage lines (along the lymphatic vessels to the nearest large lymph nodes).
6. For better gliding, the masseur can apply talcum powder, oil, cream.
7. Massage techniques should not cause pain, leave purple spots, bruises and abrasions on the skin surface.
             

The masseur should be able to:

1. Draw up a massage plan, in which to determine the number of sessions, the duration, the techniques used, the sequence of their implementation, the possible combination of massage with other techniques.
2. Work at the same pace with both the right and left hand.
3. Evaluate the effectiveness of the session and the course as a whole.
                               

Contraindications to massage:
                               
It is forbidden to carry out massage when:

- increased body temperature;
- acute inflammatory disease of the body as a whole
- pustules at the site of the massage
- varicose veins and thrombophlebitis, if this area is included in the massage zone
- any skin diseases with severe pathology of blood vessels
- malignant and benign tumors.

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